The Bihu Bird Count (BBC), is a bird monitoring program organized by birders in Assam (Assam Bird Monitoring Network). It was started in January 2021. The Assam Bird Monitoring Network intends to have bird count programs for all 3 Bihus. These programs are all about observing and counting wild birds at various times of the year. In addition to this, the network also aims to promote the association of the festival with nature. Bihu, a festival celebrated by the people of Assam, rejoices the natural progression of seasons by recognizing the different agricultural cycle of paddy crops.
Bihu are three festivals held in Assam. All three of the Bihu are related to agriculture.
- Magh Bihu or Bhogali Bihu is observed in January
- Rongali or Bohag Bihu is observed in April
- Kati Bihu or Kongali is observed in October
Magh Bihu or Bhogali Bihu has its own importance of celebrating the harvesting season of crops. It is that time of the year when you are surrounded by misted fog, cold nights, and migrating birds. Thus, BBC aims to document the diversity of bird species and their number at this time of the year.
Rongali Bihu or Bohag Bihu marks the beginning of the Assamese New Year. This is the time of the year when summer is setting in, and birds all around you will be busy with breeding activities. Thus, BBC aims to celebrate Rongali Bihu by documenting the wide variety of birds in Assam, particularly those that breed in Assam.
Kati Bihu or Kongali Bihu
While the other two Bihu mark key dates in the harvest. The Kati Bihu is celebrated during the time of relocation of the rice sapling. The name came from Kati means “cut” in Assamese marking an important Assamese festival to ensure strong growth and healthy crops that begins at the start of the Assamese month of Kati.
See here to know more about the Kati Bihu Bird Count
Header Image: Blue-throated Barbet Psilopogon asiaticus by Rajkumar Das/ Macaulay Library